People build and destroy an incredible amount of unique architectural monuments. Forever remained at the stage of sketches. They were never created. To your attention – 10 amazing architectural structures, which, unfortunately, could not find embodiment in stone and glass.
Tokyo Tower of Babel
The highest mountain on earth is Everest (8848 meters). On this page are presented only the fantasy and the popular project “Burj Kalifa” (828 meters). And you know what? Even in this case, the roof of the skyscraper would not reach more than 300 meters to the highest point of the Tower of Babel, Tokyo.
This is interesting: this is a magnificent building in Japan. He only dreamed about him in the early 90s. According to preliminary calculations, the construction of a 10-kilometer skyscraper that can accommodate 30 million (!) People, would have lasted for about 150 years. The cost of the project would exceed 300 trillion dollars, the base area would be the size of many world states.
4-kilometer skyscraper. The estimated basement area of this “monster” exceeded 4,100 square kilometers, which is 2 times larger than the territory of Luxembourg and 25 – Liechtenstein.
Despite the fact that the proposal for the construction of the Tokyo Tower of Babel was realized at the time of the craze for Japanese imposing skyscrapers, it is not known whether it was considered seriously. Within a few months a strong economic crisis began in the country, and the project was safely forgotten.
Palace of Fun
By the end of the 50s of the last century, the British Joan Littlewood had already managed to find a place in history books. Theater director, she became famous all over the world for her extraordinary approach to productions. It was Littlewood that made the theater more interesting for journalism. But that was not enough for her. Change the very perception of theatrical people.
In 1960, she hired architect Cedric Price to help her create the most radical theater building in history. Joana called her building the Palace of Fun (or the Fun Palace). The project turned any ideas about what architecture is capable of.
Littlewood is a building project that resembles a huge constructor. Internal horizontal platforms should be standard modules. They could be quickly found.
This is interesting: in the hall, on the stage, in the hall, in the cafe and in the cinema hall. At will these elements could develop on any platform. For example, a large audience. In the Palace of Fun there could not be two consecutive identical visits.
If you think that Joan Littlewood has become a bit too clever with her theaters – you are not alone. The inhabitants of London hated the building, which they had not even begun to build. Church groups, the Supreme Council of London – they did everything to prevent the start of the project. 70 years ago, Joana received permission to finance the sudden dried up. Work has not begun.
Tomb for Newton
Isaac Newton is the greatest genius of all time. This neoclassical architect lived and worked in the 18th century in Paris. In his opinion, the innovative mathematician deserves the same innovative monument. Soon Bulle presented his vision of this object. He was going to build …
Sketch Judge, 1.5-kilometer ball In size, this monument is full of even the Great Pyramid in Egypt.
Without a doubt, sensations would be severe dizziness. People had to crawl through the narrow tunnel spheres. They literally “explode” the brain. Mediating point in the infinite universe. Miniature holes in the shell of the ball allow sun rays to enter the building.
Unfortunately, she wanted to zero. The question of its construction.
In 1927, an ordinary student of the Moscow Architectural Institute, Ivan Leonidov, created a project that shook the entire architectural community. He proposed to build the Lenin Institute.
Leonidov planned to combine extensive libraries and no less impressive lecture halls in a wide structure on the planet. More than 15 million books were supposed to fit in the library’s vault. In each of the five readers could be simultaneously 800-1000 people. Such a large library needed a powerful logistic system therefore, Leonids in their project for the construction of conveyors moved hundreds of volumes at once to the floors. A lecture hall with a capacity of 4,000 people would have looked even more impressive. The opening roof is a huge glass sphere.
This is interesting: by location it was planned to launch its own tram line that goes directly to Moscow. And Ivan Leonidov planned to place in the building of the Institute.
Surprisingly, the Leonidov project won many fans. But the country’s leadership called it “impossible.” According to the architect, Moses Ginzburg, Leonidov simply could not prove that they really needed the construction in Moscow.
Airport in the heart of London
In 1931, a crazy London architect, Charles Glover, presented the project at the airport of the capital of Great Britain. Learning the most important thing is safety.
Glover proposes to invest £ 5 million (just incredible money for the 30s) in building a unique airstrip. It would have to be in the shape of a circle, supported on the roof of hundreds of houses.
The draft indicated that the airfield should stretch from Kings Cross to Trafalgar Square itself. A plan for building private garages for people carrying people up or down. He did not propose any constructive solutions. The number of victims in any such tragedy would amount to dozens or even hundreds of people. Despite this, many still have not received the project Glover with full seriousness and require its implementation.
Charles Glover is far from the only architect who was not at all concerned about the safety of the residents of the capital. For example, in the 30s of the last century, one of his colleagues proposed to build an airport near the Palace of Westminster. As a result of the air crash suffered the British government? Hardly. Try to get permission to place the runway on the roof of Charing Cross station.
Rotating skyscraper “Dynamic Tower”
In 2008, the famous Italian architect of English origin, David Fisher, announced the plan of the most ambitious architectural object in the world. The cost of construction of the 80-story skyscraper Dynamic Tower was estimated at $ 700 million. It is planned that the building will provide itself with electricity due to the 79 wind turbines installed at different heights.
This is interesting: each floor of the Dynamic Tower had to rotate independently of each other, so that a skyscraper would always look different.
Fisher proposed to use prefabricated structures, securely attach to a powerful central rod of concrete. You must say that each of the 80 floors must be individually.
Officially, this project was not rejected. The architect himself claims that for 5-10 years any person will be able to see this miracle. The Dynamic Tower will receive its first visitors at the end of the year. It was laid in the foundation. Moreover, even a suitable plot of land has not yet been purchased.
Perhaps Fisher should not have initially focused his project on Dubai. The thing is that in the 2008 financial crisis.
“Musical Beacon” by Christopher Columbus
80 years before David Fisher, Soviet architect Konstantin Melnikov worked on the project of a dynamic monument. Unlike his Italian colleague, he did not try to build just a beautiful looking object. Melnikov wanted to have complex musical compositions!
The monument to the discoverer of America, Christopher Columbus, was to become the most beautiful lighthouse on earth. According to Melnikov, the giant upper cone of the lighthouse was supposed to be hollow. It would collect rainwater, rotating a small turbine that generates electricity.
This is interesting: it can be huge, ranging from the slightest breeze on the walls of buildings. They must be alone from seven large rings, giving rise to a unique melody. She could be heard for tens of kilometers. Maybe in a difficult situation.
It’s a shame that the jury does not appreciate the innovative idea of Konstantin Melnikov and preferred the large but boring monolithic block.
O’Neal Space Cylinders
An American physicist trying to infect people with the idea of colonizing the universe in 1974 presented the project of a giant space colony living in many kilometers cylinders. The project was named O’Neal Cylinders. He became the pinnacle of the futuristic thinking of his time.
Each cylinder, which is a 30-kilometer glass tube, was supposed to be hung in the orbit of our satellite at the so-called L5 point. The same idea is used in the film Interstellar. Lanes of land should have been located on the “multi-storey” principle. This means that people are at a height of hundreds of meters. In the colonies it is possible to move to the desired level by means of ultra-high-speed elevators.
In each of the cylinders, it was planned to create a powerful climate system that would allow weather conditions in the colony to be created in which each of the 4 seasons.
All of them were interconnected by thick cobweb cables. In such a space colony could live 4 billion space colonists.
Unfortunately, this idea may be for hundreds of years. Even today, 41 years after the presentation of the project, we did not have the technology. So it remains to hope for future generations.
Devilish prisons by Giovanni Piranesi
Ginny Battista Piranesi is completely different from most of the other architects mentioned in this article. He did not hope that it would be designed. I know it is even good! The fact is that life in buildings constructed according to a sketch would be a living hell. Still living in XVIII century, that it was impossible to exceed.
It is interesting. The bizarre coals, stairs that lead nowhere, machines resembling torture devices … To view Piranesi’s sketches, many people seriously believe that their ideals were shared with him by the Devil. Endless corridors, dangling chains — all these details are used by people who live in captivity of eternal torment.
British art critic Jonathan Jones claims that these were the sketches of the film “Metropolis” and “Blade Runner”, as well as the directors of the English reality TV show “Tate Modern” and “Jubilly Line”.
Absolute madness of Herman Finshterlin
Herman Finshterlin is not like other architects. His work was highly appreciated by critics, but he was not found designed. It is easy to explain: the designs of Herman were absolutely crazy.
These were not too expensive to implement. The matter is different: the projects were created by a person who spat on at least elementary rationality many years ago. He felt himself inside a living being. Finsterlin drew inspiration by examining the final aspects of mammals, exploring the inside of the human chest or digestive tract, etc. He wrote that each person felt like a separate organ. With Mr. Finshterlin’s fantasy, there were no problems. One of his projects looks like an erect male sexual organ of enormous size.
Three-dimensional models of the architect look no less absurd. Today they are stored in the New York Museum of Modern Art. Speaking about this model, you might think that it is blind from plasticine of a five year old child.
Herman Finshterlin was allowed to realize all his ideas, it became much more interesting to live in our world.
Someone will call eccentrics or madmen, and someone – unrecognized geniuses. I think that many great ideas were initially perceived as socially critical. The same Leonardo da Vinci made hundreds of discoveries. The great scientist was just far ahead of his time. Projects that seem absolutely crazy to us.