“Everyone is lying,” the hero of a famous TV series claimed, and was absolutely right. Sometimes people want to get out of the water, and sometimes – just what is called a red dictionary. One way or another, mankind is mired in and similar. Here are 10 amazing facts about lies that you probably didn’t know.
1. Eyes – a mirror of the soul?
Misconception is widespread throughout the world when a person tells a lie or hides something that he does not face the other person.
As psychologists say, this is a myth. Experts studied the notes of the experiment, in which all participants spoke the truth, and others, and others, and others, sometimes quickly looked to the left and back, which created the effect of those same “running eyes”. Volunteers, so in the eyes it is impossible to say a person or not.
2. Lie detector lies
However, some rely entirely on the accuracy of such data is impossible. In fact, all detectors are based on identifying signs of anxiety and stress in a person, but many liars may not have them – this already indicates that such data cannot be considered objective.
Some researchers are trying to create a device that recognizes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, but there is no evidence of the effectiveness of this parameter. Experiments on the development of lie detectors, according to other principles, are continuing.
In the course of some experiments, curious data were obtained: it turns out that using transcranial magnetic stimulation it is possible to influence a person more often than usual.
3. People often lie to themselves.
Although it is likely that such people deceive themselves.
Studies conducted this year show that people can receive answers to test tasks and, thus, artificially inflate results, they tend to overestimate their abilities, even if they remember that the answers they received were dishonest. Man is as easily deceiving himself as others.
4. Lack of time provokes false
According to psychological research, most people do not need to be proactive when they need to make a quick decision.
Psychologist Shaul Shalvi (Shaul Shalvi), an employee of the University of Amsterdam, explains: “When people are forced to act quickly, they tend to get situations with the highest possible impact, without taking ethical and moral considerations into account. He may not think about their further actions and words.
5. Practically every person tells a lie at least once a day.
American scientists conducted a study in which people assessed how often they say they speak a lie once or twice a day.
By the way, experimental studies show that, on average, 56% of Americans believe that 55% were sure of this, and for Muslims this figure is somewhat lower – only 47% of them believe that lying will not have any unpleasant consequences.
6. “You have a product, we have …?”
People were forced to invent various ways of uniting and establishing contacts with fellow tribesmen.
All of this may give a false answer: “Tactical deception, or deliberate misrepresentation, allows the deceiver to cooperate, creating a person who demonstrates ideas about the actions of the fraudster and his intentions.” So, perhaps agree.
7. Two-year-olds can intentionally lie.
If you think that children are always crystal clear in their intentions, and even they should not be aware that we have to disappoint you: study child psychology, teach and find out what children learn consciously, and then revise to crawl on all fours. Even two-year-olds can be deliberately led parents (and not only) by the nose.
8. Conscious deception makes a person smarter.
In 2005, in the course of psychological research, it was found out that constantly lying people work better with their heads. On average, 22–26% more white matter and more developed prefrontal cortex — the brain region responsible for cognition and intelligence.
The explanation of this fact is given in an interview with NPR by one of Yaling Yang’s scientific studies: “People who often and deliberately lie, the brain is better connected with each other.” brain and responds with white matter. “
Some people, for example, find it difficult to come up with the “reasons” for their being late for work, and they all combine one more believable than the other.
“The development of neural connections allows a person to quickly move from one story to another and generate a multitude of ideas, completely different things,” explains Young.
9. “Serum of truth” does not prevent a person from lying
Pentatol sodium, a substance that in ordinary books and films usually appears under the name “truth serum”, in fact, can not make people “open the soul.” This drug requires only psychological filters, which can lead to a loss of rightness.
10. Politicians began to lie a long time ago.
Politics was and remains a dirty affair in which it is impossible to stay afloat in order to learn to speak honestly.
One of the most prominent figures of this kind was the ancient orator and commander of Alcibiades, who was known for having twice crossed the front line during the Peloponnesian War.
He was on the side of Athens, and everyone was forced to resume military operations against Sparta, and then dangerously investigate some of their actions. He received the Spartan commanders, some of whom were not completely killed, and Alcibiades again became a faithful Athenian.