How many islands in the world? The disease is not very rich in diverse flora and fauna up to the rocks, covered only with algae, abandoned, and those where civilization is developing rapidly. We offer you a selection of the most unusual, interesting and portioned parts.
1. Palms, Dubai
It is not surprising that these stunning artificial islands are located in Dubai – a city where even a covered ski slope and a 160-story skyscraper were enough. One of the Palm Trees, Jumeirah, commissioned by Sheikh Mohammed Ben Rashed Al Maktoum, has 16 branches 1 km in length, each surrounded by a 11 km long circular barrier. The length of the main part of the island is 5 km, and the total area is 31 km².
Palm Jumeirah is only one of the fourteen projects of artificial islands developed in Dubai: Palma-Jebel Ali is almost ready, its area is more than twice as large a year. A clear project, called “The World,” is a group of 300 islands that are in the form of material, but, unfortunately, due to the financial crisis of 2008, Dubai froze construction and questioned the feasibility of this project.
2. Puppet Island, Mexico
I agree that dolls can be very creepy. Especially when they are in the trees, covered with cobwebs and insects, crawling out of empty eye sockets – this is how they expect you if you arrive on the island of Puppet, located in one of the districts of the Federal District of Mexico.
The origin of this eerie place is bizarre, like the screenplay of Tim Burton or M. Night Shamalan: a man named Don Julio came to the island after the tragic flexibility of his whole family, when she was genuinely shouting that the girl looked out of the water, but despite desperate attempts, need help, the girl died. And he became a local landmark, and people themselves began to bring dolls to add to the “collection”. Don Julio died in 2005 at the age of 86, and at that time his “collection” of dolls and their parts consisted of thousands of objects.
3. Socotra, Yemen
The island of Socotra, which belongs to Yemen, is as unusual as the surrounding territories are dangerous. The climate on the island is very dry, unique flora and fauna – the result of its isolation, resulting from the material 250 million years ago.
An island of 3,625 km ², the island of “Galapagoss of the East”, would be an ideal place for tourists from all over the world. However, the 44,000 inhabitants of Socotra will be forced to live in isolation.
4. Fort Boyard, France
What could be more unusual than a 200-year-old fortress, resembling a floating bath, in which they shoot a popular TV show? We are talking about Fort Boyard, located near the west coast of France.
The construction of the fortress was conceived as part of the buildup of French military power in the 16th century during the reign of Louis XIV, but work continued until 1809. on the sandy bottom of shallow water 75 thousand m 3 of stone.
Almost 30 years later, on the orders of Louis Philippe, the fortress began to be rebuilt – the building was completed only in 1857: the final version – all the islands are 32 meters high and 20 meters high, which were placed by 250 soldiers and 74 guns.
When the builders took up the last brick, he had already received all the necessary value for the development of armed technologies, and this was due to the fact that it was a military prison, and later – as a background in movies and television shows. ,
5. Floating Islands of Lake Titicaca, Peru
These are not only the islands, but also all the islands that are close to Lake Titicaca Puno, which calls them the Flotation Islands (actually Floating Islands). ,
In fact, the very same islands are mats woven from reeds, sizes that are half of a football field: the mats are thick with each other and with the bottom of the lake, they connect long ropes.
It is not very clear when and why the Uru tribe settled in the lake, but anthropologists believe that in the pre-Columbian period they migrated from the shores of the Amazon and from those places that are now called Southern Peru. Because of the war with neighboring tribes and the failure to find lands on which they could settle, we decided to build floating cities right on the cold waters of the lakes, where they remained isolated for many centuries. The reputation of the “wild and primitive” tribe rescues them from invasions, and the Spaniards must say that the local Aymara tribe living on the shores of the lakes still consider them savages.
Madagascar is the most not rich country – the former French colony, which survived a destructive coup and one of the most wonderful places on our planet. Since its separation in Africa (165 million years ago), its plants and animals have developed independently of their continental areas, which has led to an amazing spread of species: approximately 90% of the island flora and fauna are not found anywhere else.
Until now, thousands of eco-tourists came to Madagascar to see its extraordinary beauty, but, unfortunately, the political upheavals and poverty of local residents. Madagascar – significant damage due to illegal deforestation: colorful chameleons, fluffy lemurs and valuable mahogany are very popular on the free black market. Protective natural resources hope that life in the country will stabilize, it will be possible to protect national parks from poachers and lumberjacks.
7. Alcatraz, United States
San Francisco, in the heart of San Francisco. Californian Lt. Juan Manuel de Islay, a Spanish explorer, first discovered the island in 1775, and because of the huge number of sea birds nesting on the island. Until 1853, the United States Army built a fortress here for the defense of San Francisco, and sometimes as a prison. Then, in 1934, the army was under the administration of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, in which the fortress was located in one of the most famous correctional institutions in the country’s history: brutal murders and famous criminals around the world, including Al Capone and Mickey Cohen. In 1963, the island’s prison ceased to exist.
The case that secured Alcatraz a place in American culture was the seizure of islands by Indians who did not leave it from November 20, 1969 to June 11, 1971. These were the third and last activism of activists. However, their efforts played a key role in the termination of US policy aimed at assimilating Indians into American society.
8. Hashima, Japan
Hashima Island, located about 15 km south-west of Nagasaki, can be considered unusual, not even having visited it: previously declared the most densely populated area in the world, with a population density of 5,259 people per km2, this islet of mining in East The Chinese Sea is now completely abandoned.
The Japanese began to develop Hashima when coal deposits were discovered in the rocks: the family built the first mine, which was established in 1887, was sold by Mitsubishi Corporation for 100 thousand Yen. By 1959, the country’s population reached its maximum, but in the 1960s, islands were found when oil was extracted as the main energy resource of Japan, but the coal mines on the island lasted until April 20, 1974.
Despite the fact that Mitsubishi curtailed its program, the islands were left without evidence.
9. Pogeglia, Italy
It is believed that Pogeglia Island is easy to see why. Located in the southern part of Venice and the Lido Islands, Poveglia began settling as early as 421, people fleeing with material forces from capture, and in 1348, residents left the island fleeing from the bubonic plague raging in Venice.
Like other small non-binding islands that were used to isolate the victims of diseases. The gloomy past covered the island with legends and unattractive citizens, which Napoleon skillfully used in the beginning of the 19th century, Napoleon used gunpowder and weapons hidden on the island.
Sometime at the end of the 19th century there were shelters for mentally ill people: everything that took place for general practitioners in the 30s of the 20th century put strange experiments to the patient, as a result of which he tried to jump from the bell tower at the hospital. The sequential institution, located in the old building where the medical facilities were located, became a private sanatorium, and it was closed in 1975. of the year.
10. Easter Island
Giant stone statues up to three floors could not be the highest of stone or come from somewhere to the island. The same can be said about the stones, corals and bones that can do such a great job? This question occupies the entire island, on the day of Easter, April 5, 1772.
The XVI century became the time of erection of monumental buildings that glorified it to the whole world. The ancient builders called these statues “moai”, and their stone pedestals were called “ahu”: they are carved out of stones mined in the volcanic crater Rano-Raraku on the eastern side of the island, in all possible extractions in height and weight of about 14 tons.
In total, 887 people are located on Easter Island, of which 397 remained in the crater, 92 fell from the quarry during transportation, and only 288 people successfully reached their “ahu”. There are many assumptions that the ancient stone-cutters were delivered to their destination: in sanakh, roll in eyebrows or even with the help of aliens, but the exact delivery technique is still unknown.
Read also “There is an island that does not exist” on Faktrum.